GLASGOW: People participate in a protest rally during a global day of action on climate change yesterday during the COP26 UN Climate Change Conference. - AFP

GLASGOW: Thousands of climate protesters braved rain and wind in Glasgow yesterday to take part in worldwide demonstrations against what campaigners say is a failure of crunch UN talks to act fast enough to tame global warming. Dozens of events were held worldwide to demand cuts in fossil fuel use and immediate help for communities already affected by climate change, particularly in poorer countries.

In Glasgow, organizers and police said they ultimately expected up to 50,000 people to parade through the streets of the Scottish city. Demonstrators began gathering yesterday morning in a park near the COP26 summit venue, chanting: "Our world is under attack, stand up fight back!" "I think a lot of politicians are scared of the power of this movement," said a 22-year-old Norwegian protester who gave her name as Jenny.

Delegates from nearly 200 countries are in Glasgow to hammer out how to meet the Paris Agreement goals of limiting temperature rises to between 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius. At the halfway stage of the COP26 negotiations, some countries have upgraded their existing pledges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, while there have been separate deals on phasing out coal, ending foreign fossil fuel funding, and slashing methane.

The promises followed a pre-COP26 estimate from the UN that said national climate plans, when brought together, put Earth on course to warm 2.7C this century. With just 1.1C of warming so far, communities across the world are already facing ever more intense fire and drought, displacement and economic ruin wrought by global heating. And a major assessment last week showed global CO2 emissions were set to rebound in 2021 to pre-pandemic levels.

Swedish campaigner Greta Thunberg said the summit had gone nowhere near far enough in a speech at Friday's youth march in Glasgow, where she labelled the conference "a failure". In Australia yesterday, protesters in Sydney and Melbourne - some dressed as lumps of coal or Prime Minister Scott Morrison, a vigorous defender of the mining industry - echoed that sentiment, calling the talks "a sham" and their national leader "an absolute embarrassment". "No more blah, blah blah. Real climate action now," read one sign at a protest in Sydney.

South Korean capital Seoul saw roughly 500 take to the streets demanding immediate action for communities already hit by the fallout of a heating planet. About 1,000 people gathered in London outside the Bank of England with placards reading "Less talk more action" and "No More COP outs". And protesters gathered outside Paris city hall carrying a giant banner that said: "Climate inaction = crimes against the living".

Jill Bird, 66, who had travelled to Glasgow's march from Bristol, was among a group of people dressed in white jumpsuits with "greenwash busters" backpacks. She said she wanted to see rich nations live up to their pledge of providing $100 billion annually to vulnerable nations that "keeps being promised and promised and promised and doesn't actually materialize".

Security was boosted in Glasgow and many city-center shops closed for yesterday's march, which had a party atmosphere replete with dance troupes, drummers, bagpipers and a singing Darth Vader. "Thousands of us are marching right across the world today to demand immediate and serious action," said Scottish activist Mikaela Loach. "We're clear that warm words are not good enough - and that the next week of talks must see a serious ramping up of concrete plans."

COP26 negotiations continued yesterday before pausing today, ahead of what is shaping up to be a frantic week of shuttle diplomacy, as ministers arrive to push through hard-fought compromises. Countries still need to flesh out how pledges made in the Paris deal work in practice, including rules governing carbon markets, common reporting timeframes and transparency. Dan Blumgart, 33, was at London's protest holding a "Mars sucks, save Earth" placard. "Because I really like the planet we live on and I want it to be, you know, able to keep it okay to live on," he said. - AFP