HONG KONG: E-commerce giant Alibaba said Tuesday it will seek a primary listing in Hong Kong, potentially giving access to China's vast pool of investors, as mainland officials indicate a long-running crackdown on the tech sector could be coming to an end. The move also comes as Chinese tech companies traded in New York grow increasingly worried about a regulatory drive by United States authorities as tensions simmer between the superpowers.
While Alibaba has a secondary listing in Hong Kong, it does not allow it to join a popular Stock Connect program that links to bourses in Shanghai and Shenzhen. The primary listing, which is expected to take place before the end of the year, would open that door.
News of the plan sent shares in Alibaba soaring 4.8 percent Tuesday, boosting other tech firms and helping drag the broader Hang Seng Index higher. The Hangzhou-based group is one of a number of tech behemoths ensnared in a wide-ranging regulatory crackdown on alleged anti-competitive practices since late 2020.
The campaign to rein in big tech is driven by fears that massive internet companies control too much data and have expanded too quickly. But officials appear to be taking a lighter touch as they grapple with a slowing economy. And in May, Premier Li Keqiang urged support for tech companies to list both domestically and abroad.
CEO and group chairman Daniel Zhang said on Tuesday the primary listing aimed to foster "a wider and more diversified investor base to share in Alibaba's growth and future, especially from China and other markets in Asia". "Hong Kong is also the launch pad for Alibaba's globalization strategy, and we are fully confident in China's economy and future." Alibaba said on Tuesday it had an average daily trading volume of $3.2 billion in the United States in the first six months of the year, while its Hong Kong secondary listing saw around $700 million.
Hong Kong's Stock Connect program allows firms to take advantage of liquidity from mainland China for easier financing and higher valuations, but to qualify they must conduct a majority of their annual trading in the Chinese finance hub. Alibaba is among a category of "innovative" Chinese firms with weighted voting rights or variable interest entities that would be eligible for dual-primary listing in Hong Kong, following a rule change by the bourse in January.
Analyst Willer Chen, at Forsyth Barr Asia, told Bloomberg that the move would be "massive" for Alibaba, adding that inclusion in Stock Connect could lead to a "more diversified investor base". Beijing has opposed an attempt by US regulators to inspect the audit papers of Chinese firms listed there, and Alibaba is one of 250 companies facing potential removal if no deal is reached.
Domestically, Alibaba is still reeling from the tech crackdown as well as China's slowing economy caused by the fallout from strict COVID curbs. The firm has lost around two-thirds of its value since a 2020 peak, according to Bloomberg, and in May the firm reported that profit fell 59 percent in the last fiscal year.
Shake-up at Ant
News of plans for the dual-primary listing came as Alibaba announced it had removed all executives linked to its digital payments arm Ant Group from a joint governing body. Seven Ant Group executives including CEO Eric Jing and Chief Technology Officer Ni Xingjun were removed from Alibaba Partnership, a group that can nominate the majority of Alibaba's board, as of May 31, according to an annual report Tuesday.
It is part of a lengthy state-guided restructuring process after a planned 2020 share offering by Ant Group-which would have been the world's largest IPO at the time-was scuttled last minute, according to a spokesman for the company. Ant Group has terminated its data sharing agreement with Alibaba and reshuffled its board recently, filling half the seats with independent directors and reducing the number of non-executive directors from the Alibaba Group to two from three. But Beijing last month rebuffed reports it had started discussions on the potential revival of the IPO. - AFP