MOSCOW: Russian President Vladimir Putin delivers his annual state of the nation address at the Federal Assembly at the Manezh Exhibition Hall yesterday. - AFP

MOSCOW: President Vladimir Putin warned Russia's foreign rivals to tread lightly yesterday as he gave a key speech amid deep tensions with the West and arrests of opposition protesters. Addressing lawmakers and senior officials in his annual state of the nation address, Putin said anyone "crossing the red line" with Russia could expect a harsh response.

Hailing the country's battle against the coronavirus and development of vaccines, he said Russia needed to tackle climate change and-with parliamentary elections due in September-announced a raft of populist social spending measures. As he spoke, Russian police were detaining supporters of jailed Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny who have called for mass protests yesterday in support of the country's most prominent opposition figure. Two close aides were detained by police in Moscow, while monitors reported police raids on Navalny's offices and arrests of his supporters across the country.

Putin unsurprisingly made no mention of Navalny in his speech-he has always refused to use his critic's name-or of any other opposition to his leadership. He did however hit out at rivals abroad, with Moscow and Western capitals at loggerheads over Navalny, a Russian troop build-up on Ukraine's borders and a series of espionage scandals that resulted in diplomatic expulsions. Putin said it had become "a new kind of sport" in some foreign capitals to blame Russia "for anything".

Belarus 'coup attempt'

He said Russia wanted good relations with everyone in the international community, but warned of a "harsh" response if that was seen as weakness. "I hope that no one will think of crossing the red line in relation to Russia. And where it will be-we will determine that ourselves," Putin said.

Putin backed claims by Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko that his security services had thwarted an alleged US plot to assassinate him, suggesting senior US officials were involved in a "coup attempt" and accusing the West of pretending "that nothing is happening". Putin is due to meet Lukashenko-who has faced down historic protests since a disputed re-election last summer-in Moscow today, amid speculation of a major announcement on Russia's policy towards its ex-Soviet neighbor and ally.

Putin began his speech by hailing the country's response to the COVID-19 pandemic, describing Russia's development of three vaccines as a "real breakthrough" and saying the country was aiming for herd immunity by autumn. He vowed that Russia, one of the world's major producers of oil and gas, would do its part to fight climate change, setting a target for the country's emissions to be "less than in the European Union".

Fears for Navalny's life

Navalny's supporters were hoping to steal Putin's thunder yesterday with a series of mass protests starting from 7 pm in cities across the country. Security forces had issued a warning against taking part in "illegal gatherings" and appeared to be moving quickly to deter protesters. Police yanked Navalny ally Lyubov Sobol out of a taxi near Navalny's main offices in Moscow yesterday and detained her, Sobol's lawyer said.

Spokeswoman Kira Yarmysh said she was also detained at the entrance to the building, while independent monitor OVD-Info said police had conducted searches and detained at least 53 people in 27 cities. Navalny's team called for the demonstrations after the opposition figure's doctors said his health was failing following three weeks on hunger strike. - AFP