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Amir urges unity and concerted response amid regional unrest

Arab leaders condemn US decision on Golan – Qatari Amir leaves summit early

TUNIS: (From left) Djibouti’s President Ismail Omar Guellah, Qatar’s Amir Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, Mauritania’s President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, HH the Amir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz, Tunisia’s President Beji Caid Essebsi, Jordan’s King Abdullah II, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, Iraq’s President Barham Saleh, Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, Yemen’s President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi and Lebanese President Michel Aoun pose for a group photograph with other Arab leaders during the 30th Arab League summit in the Tunisian capital yesterday. – Amiri Diwan

TUNIS: The Arab world remains determined to overcome all challenges thrust upon the region, HH the Amir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah said yesterday, calling for unity and a concerted response across the board in the face of such adversity. Allaying concerns over lagging growth across the region, he told a summit of Arab leaders and senior officials in the Tunisian capital that maintaining the status quo is no longer an option. He highlighted a decade-long plan to fulfill the ambitions of the Arab people, pinpointing initiatives Kuwait has made in recent years to push this plan closer to fruition.

On the scourge of terrorism, HH the Amir said it remains a lingering threat, citing “horrific” attacks on a pair of mosques in New Zealand recently as affirmation. In this context, the Amir reiterated sharp condemnation of the attacks as a criminal act, while supporting all international efforts to eliminate terrorism. On the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the Amir said it continues to be the Arab world’s “chief concern”, while the matter has been largely overlooked by the international community. Addressing the “bloody conflicts” in Syria and Yemen, he said a political solution in both countries is the only way forward, which is crucial to ultimately restore peace and stability to the war-torn nations.

Meanwhile, he pointed out that it was necessary to maintain amicable relations with Iran that fully abide by the principles of international law, including non-interference in the internal affairs of other states. As a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, Kuwait will continue to have the Arab region’s best interests at heart, HH the Amir promised.

Arab leaders, long divided by regional rivalries, condemned yesterday a US decision to recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights and said Middle East stability depended on creating an Palestinian state. Arab leaders have been under popular pressure to reject Washington’s action, while they also grapple with regional differences, including a bitter Gulf Arab dispute, splits over Iran’s regional influence, the war in Yemen and unrest in Algeria and Sudan.

The abrupt departure from the summit of Qatari Amir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, who is locked in a row with Saudi Arabia and other Arab allies, suggested regional differences were not easily buried. No reason was given for his departure. Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz told Arab monarchs, presidents and prime ministers at the meeting that his country “absolutely rejects” any measures affecting Syria’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights.

President Donald Trump’s signed a proclamation last week recognizing the Golan Heights as part of Israel, which annexed the area in 1981 after capturing it from Syria in 1967. The Saudi king’s condemnation echoed those of Arab officials before yesterday’s summit of the Arab League, which usually ends with a final declaration agreed by the 22 member states. Trump’s Golan decision followed a US move less than four months ago to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital, a decision that also drew Arab condemnation. Palestinians want East Jerusalem as the capital of a future state.

Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi said Arab leaders also needed to ensure the international community understood the importance of the Palestinian cause to Arab nations. Regional and international stability should come through “a just and comprehensive settlement that includes the rights of the Palestinian people and leads to the establishment of a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital,” Essebsi said. UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who addressed the meeting in Tunis, said any resolution to the Syrian conflict must guarantee the territorial integrity of Syria “including the occupied Golan Heights”.

The Tunis summit brought together the rulers of Saudi Arabia and Qatar for the first time at the same gathering since 2017 when Riyadh and its allies imposed a political and economic boycott on Doha. But Qatar’s amir left the summit hall shortly after Arab League Secretary-General Ahmed Aboul Gheit praised the way Saudi Arabia handled its rotating Arab League presidency last year, live television footage showed. Qatar’s state news agency did not say why Sheikh Tamim left, but Tunisia’s state news agency TAP said the rest of Qatar’s delegation stayed.

Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt accuse Qatar of supporting terrorism and say it has been cozying up to Iran, a charge Doha denies. The row has defied mediation efforts by Kuwait and the United States, which called Gulf Arab states to unite in opposition to Iranian influence in the region. King Salman, whose country has long vied with Iran for influence, called for confronting what he called the “aggressive policies of the Iranian regime”. He said Iran was interfering in Arab affairs, a charge Tehran dismisses.

Arab states remain divided over other issues, including how to deal with pro-democracy protests that have erupted in the region since 2011. The leaders of Sudan and Algeria were not at yesterday’s meeting as both nations have been roiled by anti-government protests. Syria’s seat at the summit was vacant. Damascus as been suspended from the League since 2011 over its crackdown on protesters at the start of its civil war. The League has said no consensus has yet been reached to allow Syria’s reinstatement. – Agencies

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